Early Black Benevolent Societies, 1780-1830 (JSTOR)
Article by Robert L. Harris, Jr., The Massachusetts Review Vol. 20, No. 3 (Autumn, 1979), pp. 603-625 (23 pages). JSTOR provides access to more than 12 million academic journal articles, books, and primary sources in 75 disciplines. Access via schools and libraries or subscribe as an individual to JPASS.