The Hamalainen's from Koivisto are an old mariner and peasant family. Their history can be traced for hundreds of years back to Karelia. The Hamalainen name has been found in documents, in Koivisto, as far back as the fifteen century.
Biography of the Marshal of Finland, Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim. Included are pages on the history of Finland and Mannerheims impact on it, Mannerheims career, family, ancestry etc. and also a bibliography on Mannerheimiana containing over 350 referenced works.